Autism News

Genetic Discovery Links Autism and Schizophrenia

Source: 
Nature Neuroscience
Date Published: 
August 4, 2013
Abstract: 

Nelson Freimer and colleagues at UCLA studied a population in an isolated area of Finland where Schizophrenia is more common than in the average Finnish population. In this small group, it was discovered that the presence of a deletion on part of chromosome 22 was much more prevalent than in the rest of the population. This deleted region normally contains an enzyme, TOP3B. This lack of TOP3B is also linked to disruptions that can lead to Fragile X Syndrome, showing there may be a biological link between Fragile X and Schizophrenia.

An article about this study can be found here:
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23995-genetic-discovery-links-auti...

Excess Mortality and Causes of Death in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Follow Up of the 1980s Utah/UCLA Autism Epidemiologic Study

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
May, 2013
Year Published: 
2013
Abstract: 

This study's purpose was to investigate mortality among individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) ascertained during a 1980s statewide autism prevalence study (n = 305) in relation to controls.

Service and Wider Societal Costs of Very Young Children with Autism in the UK

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
May, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study describes the services used by 152 children aged 24-60 months with autism, report family out-of-pocket expenses and productivity losses, and explore the relationship between family characteristics and costs.

Occurrence and Family Impact of Elopement in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Pediatrics
Date Published: 
November, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study assessed parent-reported elopement occurrence and associated factors among children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)s.

Neural Mechanisms of Improvements in Social Motivation After Pivotal Response Treatment: Two Case Studies

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
January 2013
Year Published: 
2013
Abstract: 

In this study, functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to identify the neural correlates of successful response to Pivotal response treatment (PRT) in two young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

New Study Deciphers Potential Roles of Oxytocin in Brain Function

Source: 
Nature
Date Published: 
August 4, 2013
Abstract: 

An NYU study explored the role of oxytocin in the brain's ability to filter wanted stimuli from unwanted stimuli. The researchers suggest that the neurohormone, oxytocin, is not only used to reduce unwanted background noise but also plays a key function in strengthening desired signals.

A Systematic Review of Vocational Interventions for Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Pediatrics
Date Published: 
September, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study systematically reviewed evidence regarding vocational interventions for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) between the ages of 13 and 30 years.

Pivotal Response Treatment for Infants At-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Pilot Study

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
January, 2013
Year Published: 
2013
Abstract: 

In the current study, a developmental adaptation of pivotal response treatment was piloted via a brief parent training model with three infants at-risk for autism.

Mindfulness-Based Therapy in Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Source: 
Res Dev Disabil
Date Published: 
January, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

This study examined the effects of a modified Mindfulness-based therapy (MBT) protocol (MBT-AS) in high-functioning adults with ASD.

Prefrontal Neuromodulation Using rTMS Improves Error Monitoring and Correction Function in Autism

Source: 
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback
Date Published: 
June, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

The goal of this study was to investigate whether reaction time, error rate, post-error reaction time change, error related negativity, and error related positivity will show positive changes following 12-week long slow frequency repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation(rTMS) over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in high functioning children with ASD.