Autism Research

Social Participation Among Young Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
April 25, 2013
Abstract: 

In an attempt to raise awareness of the unique obstacles faced by young adults with ASD, researchers compared their social experiences with the experiences of young adults who received special education services for intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, or learning disability and found young adults with ASD experienced significantly more social isolation.

How Autism Is Different in Girls Versus Boys

Source: 
The Wall Street Journal
Date Published: 
May 7, 2013
Abstract: 

"Why do boys get diagnosed with autism four times as often as girls? New research, including some of the latest data from the International Society for Autism Research annual conference last week, addresses this question, one of the biggest mysteries in the field."

Trophoblast Inclusions Are Significantly Increased in the Placentas of Children in Families at Risk for Autism

Source: 
Biological Psychiatry
Date Published: 
April 25, 2013
Abstract: 

Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine have figured out how to measure an infant's risk of developing autism by looking for abnormalities in his/her placenta at birth, allowing for earlier diagnosis and treatment for the developmental disorder.

Familiarity Breeds Support: Speech-language Pathologists’ Perceptions of Bullying of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Journal of Communication Disorders
Date Published: 
January 31, 2013
Abstract: 

According to this study, school-based speech language pathologists may be an untapped resource in the fight against bullying of children with ASD.

Cognition and Behavior: 'Mind blindness' Has Brain Signature

Source: 
SFARI
Date Published: 
April 13, 2013
Abstract: 

Two recent studies have linked ‘mind-blindness’ to atypical patterns of brain activity in people with ASD.

Methylomic Analysis of Monozygotic Twins Discordant for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Related Behavioural Traits

Source: 
Molecular Psychiatry
Date Published: 
April 23, 2013
Abstract: 

This study suggests environmentally driven changes to the epigenome may contribute to the development of ASD and ASD-related behaviors. The study, which involved identical twins who were discordant for ASD and related traits, is the first large-scale examination of the role of genome-wide DNA methylation in ASD.

Brief Report: Is Cognitive Rehabilitation Needed in Verbal Adults with Autism? Insights from Initial Enrollment in a Trial of Cognitive Enhancement Therapy

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
February 5, 2013
Abstract: 

Early results from this pilot trial of cognitive enhancement therapy (CET) indicate that despite above-average intelligence, verbal adults with ASD can have significantly impaired neurocognition and social cognition. The authors suggest CET, which is designed to remediate both social and non-social deficits through computer-based neurocognitive training, could be useful for cognitive rehabilitation in this population.

Comparison of ICD-10R, DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 in an Adult Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnostic Clinic

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
March 16, 2013
Abstract: 

With the number of people seeking ASD evaluations in adulthood on the rise, researchers sought to investigate how DSM-5 criteria would fare in a diagnostic clinic for adults with minimal intellectual disability. Compared to ICD-10R and DSM-IV-TR, DSM-5 specificity was good but sensitivity was poor: 44% of adults who met ICD-10R ASD criteria and 22% who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for Asperger syndrome or autistic disorder would not qualify for a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis.