Autism Science

Social Participation Among Young Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
April 25, 2013
Abstract: 

In an attempt to raise awareness of the unique obstacles faced by young adults with ASD, researchers compared their social experiences with the experiences of young adults who received special education services for intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, or learning disability and found young adults with ASD experienced significantly more social isolation.

Trophoblast Inclusions Are Significantly Increased in the Placentas of Children in Families at Risk for Autism

Source: 
Biological Psychiatry
Date Published: 
April 25, 2013
Abstract: 

Researchers at the Yale School of Medicine have figured out how to measure an infant's risk of developing autism by looking for abnormalities in his/her placenta at birth, allowing for earlier diagnosis and treatment for the developmental disorder.

Familiarity Breeds Support: Speech-language Pathologists’ Perceptions of Bullying of Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Journal of Communication Disorders
Date Published: 
January 31, 2013
Abstract: 

According to this study, school-based speech language pathologists may be an untapped resource in the fight against bullying of children with ASD.

Cognition and Behavior: 'Mind blindness' Has Brain Signature

Source: 
SFARI
Date Published: 
April 13, 2013
Abstract: 

Two recent studies have linked ‘mind-blindness’ to atypical patterns of brain activity in people with ASD.

Methylomic Analysis of Monozygotic Twins Discordant for Autism Spectrum Disorder and Related Behavioural Traits

Source: 
Molecular Psychiatry
Date Published: 
April 23, 2013
Abstract: 

This study suggests environmentally driven changes to the epigenome may contribute to the development of ASD and ASD-related behaviors. The study, which involved identical twins who were discordant for ASD and related traits, is the first large-scale examination of the role of genome-wide DNA methylation in ASD.

Comparison of ICD-10R, DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 in an Adult Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnostic Clinic

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
March 16, 2013
Abstract: 

With the number of people seeking ASD evaluations in adulthood on the rise, researchers sought to investigate how DSM-5 criteria would fare in a diagnostic clinic for adults with minimal intellectual disability. Compared to ICD-10R and DSM-IV-TR, DSM-5 specificity was good but sensitivity was poor: 44% of adults who met ICD-10R ASD criteria and 22% who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for Asperger syndrome or autistic disorder would not qualify for a DSM-5 ASD diagnosis.

Autism Spectrum Disorder Is Associated with Ventricular Enlargement in a Low Birth Weight Population

Source: 
Journal of Pediatrics
Date Published: 
February 13, 2013
Abstract: 

This new study in the Journal of Pediatrics links ventricular enlargement in the brains of low-birth-weight neonates to ASD.

Do Sheltered Workshops Enhance Employment Outcomes for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Source: 
Autism
Date Published: 
May 24, 2011
Abstract: 

Researchers sought to determine if sheltered workshops help prepare individuals with ASD for competitive employment and found that individuals with ASD achieve better vocational outcomes if they do not participate in sheltered workshops prior to enrolling in supported employment.