Behavior

Pivotal Response Treatment for Infants At-Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Pilot Study

Source: 
J Autism Dev Disord
Date Published: 
January, 2013
Year Published: 
2013
Abstract: 

In the current study, a developmental adaptation of pivotal response treatment was piloted via a brief parent training model with three infants at-risk for autism.

Effects of Risperidone and Parent Training on Adaptive Functioning in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Serious Behavioral Problems

Source: 
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Date Published: 
February, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs) have social interaction deficits, delayed communication, and repetitive behaviors as well as impairments in adaptive functioning. Many children actually show a decline in adaptive skills compared with age mates over time.

A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of Oral N-Acetylcysteine in Children with Autism.

Source: 
Biol Psychiatry
Date Published: 
June 1, 2012
Year Published: 
2012
Abstract: 

The goal of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of using oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a glutamatergic modulator and an antioxidant, in the treatment of behavioral disturbance in children with autism.

Dr. Peter Gerhardt Talks About Employment, Safety and Sex Education in Young Adults with Autism

Date Published: 
July 25, 2013
Abstract: 

Dr. Peter Gerhardt of the McCarton School joined us for a live chat. He answered several questions about employment, safety and sexual education in relation to teenagers and adults with autism.

DSM-5: The Debate Continues

Source: 
Molecular Autism
Date Published: 
May 15, 2013
Abstract: 

The editors of Molecular Autism, Dr. Simon Baron-Cohen and ASF SAB member Dr. Joe Buxbaum, invited the labs of Dr. Cathy Lord and Dr. Fred Volkmar to offer their perspectives on the new DSM-5 criteria for the autism spectrum.

Read Dr. Lord's commentary here: http://www.molecularautism.com/content/pdf/2040-2392-4-12.pdf

Read Dr. Volkmar's commentary here: http://www.molecularautism.com/content/pdf/2040-2392-4-13.pdf

Frequency and Pattern of Documented Diagnostic Features and the Age of Autism Identification

Source: 
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Pediatric Psychiatry
Date Published: 
February 6, 2013
Abstract: 

The age at which a child with autism is diagnosed is related to the particular suite of behavioral symptoms he or she exhibits, according to this study led by an ASF Grantee. Certain diagnostic features, including poor nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors, were associated with earlier identification of an autism spectrum disorder. Displaying more behavioral features was also associated with earlier diagnosis.

For more information about this study, read the guest blog from the lead author here: http://autismsciencefoundation.wordpress.com/2013/04/09/identifying-asd-...

Bridges and Barriers to Successful Transitioning as Perceived by Adolescents and Young Adults With Asperger Syndrome

Source: 
Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Date Published: 
March 28, 2013
Abstract: 

This thematic content analysis examined the expectations, and perceived facilitators of and barriers to transition to community as reported by adolescents and young adults with Asperger syndrome.

A Quantitative Link between Face Discrimination Deficits and Neuronal Selectivity for Faces in Autism

Source: 
NeuroImage: Clinical
Date Published: 
March 15, 2013
Abstract: 

In this fMRI study of adults with ASD, reduced neuronal selectivity for faces was linked to greater behavioral deficits in face recognition.

Is Medication Information for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Monitored and Coordinated Across Professionals? Findings from a Teacher Survey

Source: 
School Mental Health
Date Published: 
March 1, 2013
Abstract: 

This study examined school-based medication monitoring in children with ASD. Researchers found that less than half of teachers of medicated students were aware that students were taking medication and no teachers were communicating with prescribing physicians about student behavior and side effects. Since monitoring medication across settings helps physicians assess drug safety and effectiveness, the authors argue for increased communication among professionals.

Physical Aggression in Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Date Published: 
December 27, 2012
Abstract: 

The prevalence of physical aggression was 53% across a sample of nearly 1600 children and adolescents with ASD. Girls and boys were equally likely to display aggressive behaviors. The researchers suggest sleep problems, self-injury and sensory problems may increase risk for physical aggression, and argue for better identification and treatment of these conditions.