Mothers

ASF President Alison Singer on The Leonard Lopate Show

Source: 
The Leonard Lopate Show
Date Published: 
September 9, 2014
Abstract: 

Across the country and around the world, children are getting sick and dying from preventable diseases—in part because some parents are choosing not to vaccinate their children. Alison Singer, President of the Autism Science Foundation, and Dr. Amy Middleman, Adolescent Medicine Specialist at the University of Oklahoma's Health Sciences Center, examine the science behind vaccinations, the return of preventable diseases, and the risks of opting out. They’re both featured in the PBS NOVA documentary “Vaccines—Calling The Shots,” which airs September 10, at 9 pm, on PBS.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders and Prenatal Residential Proximity to Agricultural Pesticides

Source: 
University of California-Davis
Date Published: 
June 23, 2014
Abstract: 

A study out of the University of California Davis found that women who live near farmland where pesticides are applied are 60 percent more likely to give birth to a child with autism or other developmental delays. In the study, the association was stronger for women exposed during their second or third trimester. The study looked at three categories of pesticides: organophosphates, pyrethroids and carbamates; all three were found to have associations with ASD or other developmental delays.

Association between maternal use of folic acid supplements and risk of autism spectrum disorders in children

Source: 
Journal of the American Medical Association
Date Published: 
February 13, 2013

 

 

The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between the use of prenatal folic acid supplements and presence of autism spectrum disorders in offspring. The study concluded that the use of prenatal folic acid supplements around the time fo conception was associated with a lower risk of autism spectrum disorders. These findings support the use of prenatal folic acid supplementation to reduce the risk of autism, however, the findings cannot establish causality. 

Use of Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors during Pregnancy and Risk of Autism

Source: 
New England Journal of Medicine
Date Published: 
December 19, 2013
Abstract: 

In the past, studies have raised concern about an association between the use of a certain type of antidepressant known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy and an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in the child. A new study now shows no significant association between maternal use of SSRIs during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorder in the child. However, the children were at a higher than usual risk of being diagnosed with autism if their mother had taken the drugs for depression or anxiety prior to the pregnancy, suggesting a possible link between the mother's preexisting mental health condition and the child's development of an ASD.

Maternal Prenatal Weight Gain and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Pediatrics
Date Published: 
October 28, 2013
Abstract: 

New research from the University of Utah and published in the journal Pediatrics has uncovered an association between autism spectrum disorders and a small increase in the amount of weight a mother gains during pregnancy. These findings suggest that weight gain during pregnancy is not the cause of ASD but rather may reflect an underlying process that it shares with autism spectrum disorders, such as abnormal hormone levels or inflammation.

Alarm Over Autism Test

Source: 
Science Magazine
Date Published: 
September 13, 2013
Abstract: 

A research group exploring the hypothesis that certain maternal antibodies can impair fetal brains has partnered with a company to develop a test for predicting whether a woman will have a child with autism. The antibodies, they claim, could account for up to a quarter of all autism cases. But other autism scientists are skeptical that the evidence is strong enough to make such a claim, or to consider an autism test based on the antibodies.

The full article from Science magazine can be viewed here.

Autism Four Times Likelier When Mother's Thyroid is Weakened

Source: 
Annals of Neurology
Date Published: 
August 13, 2013
Abstract: 

A study from the Houston Methodist Neurological Institute and Erasmus Medical Centre discovered that mothers who do not produce enough of a thyroid hormone, thyroxine, are nearly four times more likely to have a child with autism. In the past, this hormone has been shown to be important in the migration of fetal brain cells during embryo development.

Is Maternal Influenza or Fever During Pregnancy Associated with Autism or Developmental Delays?

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
January, 2013
Abstract: 

Though neither ASD nor DD was associated with influenza, both were associated with maternal fever during pregnancy. However, the fever-associated ASD risk was attenuated among mothers who reported taking antipyretic medications but remained elevated for those who did not.

Problematic Antibodies Affecting Brain Development During Pregnancy Could Help Explain 1/4 of Cases of Autism

Source: 
Translational Psychiatry
Date Published: 
July 9, 2013
Abstract: 

Antibodies found almost exclusively in mothers with children who have autism have a certain anitbody that may be affecting brain development during pregnancy. The same study says that these antibodies could account for nearly 1/4 of all cases of autism.

Mothers Who Have Children with ASD Show Significantly Higher Levels of Fatigue

Source: 
Autism
Date Published: 
July 2013
Abstract: 

This study shows that parents who have children with ASD show significantly higher levels of fatigue when compared to mothers of typically developing children. The study argues the need for interventions that specifically target maternal fatigue.