Service Delivery

MU Expert Identifies Employment Resources, Tips For People With Autism

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
October 14, 2011
Abstract: 

Statistics show that the number of people diagnosed with autism has increased steadily over the past 30 years resulting in a surge in the number of adults with autism graduating from high school. However, preliminary employment studies indicate that this population may earn less and be employed at a lower rate compared to other people with disabilities. Now, an autism expert at the University of Missouri is identifying employment resources that are available for people with autism and steps employers can take to improve the workplace and hiring process for this population.

Philadelphia becomes hotbed of autism research

Source: 
Philadelphia Inquirer
Date Published: 
October 9, 2011
Abstract: 

Five years ago, Philadelphia was not on the map when it came to researching one of the most mysterious and expensive childhood medical conditions of our time. Now it is among the top cities in the nation, with expertise in nearly all the key fields - genetics, environmental exposure, brain imaging, behavioral interventions - that are critical for finding causes and developing treatments. Most of the local talent is at the Center for Autism Research at Children's Hospital, which in less than four years has grown into a powerhouse with more than 100 researchers and staff running two dozen studies.

US researchers' discovery promises answers on autism

Source: 
The Australian
Date Published: 
September 8, 2011
Abstract: 

Researchers have for the first time identified two biologically different strains of autism in a major breakthrough being compared with the discovery of different forms of cancer in the 1960s. The findings, to be announced at an international autism conference in Perth today, are seen as a key step towards understanding the causes of autism and developing effective treatments as well as a cure. The findings bring hope that the communication, socialization and other difficulties that autistic children experience can be tackled more easily and earlier.

Prevalence and Correlates of Autism in a State Psychiatric Hospital

Source: 
Left Brain - Right Brian
Date Published: 
August 24, 2011
Abstract: 

This study estimated the ASD prevalence in a psychiatric hospital and evaluated the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) combined with other information for differential diagnosis. Chart review, SRS and clinical interviews were collected for 141 patients at one hospital. Diagnosis was determined at case conference. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the SRS as a screening instrument. Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) analysis estimated the role of other variables, in combination with the SRS, in separating cases and non-cases. Ten percent of the sample had ASD. More than other patients, their onset was prior to 12 years of age, they had gait problems and intellectual disability, and were less likely to have a history of criminal involvement or substance abuse. Sensitivity (0.86) and specificity (0.60) of the SRS were maximized at a score of 84. Adding age of onset <12 years and cigarette use among those with SRS <80 increased sensitivity to 1.00 without lowering specificity. Adding a history substance abuse among those with SRS >80 increased specificity to 0.90 but dropped sensitivity to 0.79. Undiagnosed ASD may be common in psychiatric hospitals. The SRS, combined with other information, may discriminate well between ASD and other disorders.

Most Adults with Autism Go Undiagnosed - New Findings, UK

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
May 4, 2011
Abstract: 

Dr Brugha, who is also a consultant psychiatrist working in the NHS with the Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust, said none of the cases with autism found in the community survey throughout England knew that they were autistic or had received an official diagnosis of autism or asperger syndrome.

Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Total Population Sample

Source: 
Autism Science Foundation Blog
Date Published: 
May 9, 2011
Abstract: 

A long-awaited study of autism prevalence in Korea came out today in the The American Journal of Psychiatry. Results showed a much higher prevalence estimate than previously found, along with a large fraction of the autistic students previously unidentified and being educated in regular education programs.

New checklist could detect autism by age 1

Source: 
USA Today
Date Published: 
April 28. 2011
Abstract: 

An early screening test for autism, designed to detect signs of the condition in babies as young as 1 year old, could revolutionize the care of autistic children, experts say, by getting them diagnosed and treated years earlier than usual. The checklist — available online now — asks parents or other caregivers about their child's communication skills, from babbling and first words to eye contact.

Socioeconomics Playing Reduced Role in Autism Diagnoses

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
April 6, 2011
Abstract: 

While there is an increasing equality in terms of the likelihood that children from communities and families across the socioeconomic spectrum will be diagnosed with autism, a new study finds that such factors still influence the chance of an autism diagnosis, though to a much lesser extent than they did at the height of rising prevalence.

Research: Autism Treatments Fall Short

Source: 
USA Today
Date Published: 
April 4, 2011
Abstract: 

A new set of analyses offers sobering news in the long search for effective treatments for autism. Researchers concluded that medications are of little help to most autistic children. Although intensive behavioral therapies can be effective, they don't work for everyone, and doctors don't have a way to predict which children will benefit, according to three reviews in today's Pediatrics.

Children With Autistic Traits Remain Undiagnosed

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
March 22, 2010
Abstract: 

There has been a major increase in the incidence of autism over the last twenty years. While people have differing opinions as to why this is (environment, vaccines, mother's age, better diagnostic practice, more awareness etc.) there are still many children who have autistic traits that are never diagnosed clinically. Therefore, they do not receive the support they need through educational or health services.