Social Skills

Brief Report: Is Cognitive Rehabilitation Needed in Verbal Adults with Autism? Insights from Initial Enrollment in a Trial of Cognitive Enhancement Therapy

Source: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Date Published: 
February 5, 2013
Abstract: 

Early results from this pilot trial of cognitive enhancement therapy (CET) indicate that despite above-average intelligence, verbal adults with ASD can have significantly impaired neurocognition and social cognition. The authors suggest CET, which is designed to remediate both social and non-social deficits through computer-based neurocognitive training, could be useful for cognitive rehabilitation in this population.

Frequency and Pattern of Documented Diagnostic Features and the Age of Autism Identification

Source: 
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Pediatric Psychiatry
Date Published: 
February 6, 2013
Abstract: 

The age at which a child with autism is diagnosed is related to the particular suite of behavioral symptoms he or she exhibits, according to this study led by an ASF Grantee. Certain diagnostic features, including poor nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors, were associated with earlier identification of an autism spectrum disorder. Displaying more behavioral features was also associated with earlier diagnosis.

For more information about this study, read the guest blog from the lead author here: http://autismsciencefoundation.wordpress.com/2013/04/09/identifying-asd-...

Bridges and Barriers to Successful Transitioning as Perceived by Adolescents and Young Adults With Asperger Syndrome

Source: 
Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Date Published: 
March 28, 2013
Abstract: 

This thematic content analysis examined the expectations, and perceived facilitators of and barriers to transition to community as reported by adolescents and young adults with Asperger syndrome.

Sleep disruption as a correlate to cognitive and adaptive behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders.

Source: 
PubMed
Date Published: 
Sept-Oct 2012
Abstract: 

Results suggested that children who slept fewer hours per night had lower overall intelligence, verbal skills, overall adaptive functioning, daily living skills, socialization skills, and motor development.

Atypical Brain Activation Patterns During a Face-to-Face Joint Attention Game in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Source: 
Human Brain Mapping
Date Published: 
April 16, 2012
Abstract: 

Researchers used fMRI while participants played a joint-attention game to better understand the neural correlates of joint attention.

Developmental Meta-Analysis of the Functional Neural Correlates of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Date Published: 
December 26, 2012
Abstract: 

According to this recent meta-analysis of fMRI studies, autism-related changes in brain activity may continue to develop with age.

Social Behaviors Increase in Children with Autism in the Presence of Animals Compared to Toys

Source: 
PLOS One
Date Published: 
February 27, 2013
Abstract: 

Children with ASD showed increased positive social behaviors in the presence of guinea pigs compared to toys in this new PLOS One study. Specifically, they showed more social approach behaviors (e.g. talking, looking at faces and making tactile contact) and positive affect (e.g. laughing and smiling), and less self-focused behaviors in the presence of animals.

Letting a Typical Mouse Judge Whether Mouse Social Interactions are Atypical

Source: 
Autism Research
Date Published: 
February 21, 2013
Abstract: 

This interesting preliminary study examined whether typical mice could recognize atypical social behavior in ASD mouse models. Wild-type mouse 'judges' preferred to be in chambers with other typical mice rather than socially atypical mice, suggesting that typical mice can distinguish mice displaying autism-like behavior from controls.

Use of Social Stories to Improve Self-Regulation in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Date Published: 
February 26, 2013
Abstract: 

Social stories, an intervention used to define a skill, concept or situation in socially appropriate terms, were used to promote self-regulation techniques in a self-contained preschool classroom. While implementation of self-regulation strategies varied among the children, all showed an increase in desired behaviors with the intervention.

Decreased Spontaneous Attention to Social Scenes in 6-Month-Old Infants Later Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Source: 
Biological Psychiatry
Date Published: 
January 14, 2013
Abstract: 

Yale researchers used eye-tracking technology to examine social monitoring skills of infants at high and low risk for autism. Compared to infants who developed typically, six-month olds later diagnosed with ASD looked less at the social scene, which involved a woman engaged in various activities. When they did attend to the social scene, they spent less time viewing the woman’s face.