Treatments

Virtual Conversation Simulator Found Beneficial for Adults with Autism

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
March 20, 2011
Abstract: 

Simulated interactions in which adults with autism converse with a virtual partner may help them develop better social interaction skills, according to a novel study presented in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Interactive Program for Dealing with Behavioral Problems is Available as iPhone Application

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
March 18, 2011
Abstract: 

Behavior Breakthroughs™, an interactive program developed by Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), uses game-based technology and 3-D imagery to help train people who work with children and adults with behavioral problems.

Face Recognition Technology Could Aid Autism Therapy, Recognize A Child In Pain

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
March 7, 2011
Abstract: 

Research in computer graphics and computer vision tries to make using computers easier. We can find a more comfortable, intuitive and intelligent way to use the computer that feels like you're talking to a friend. This could also help disabled people use computers the way everyone else does.

Interactive Game Helps Autistic Children Recognize Emotions

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
March 3, 2011
Abstract: 

Children with autism spectrum disorders are better able to recognize faces, facial expressions and emotions with the help of an interactive computer program called FaceSay, according to newly published research from psychologists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Applied Behavior Analysis: Behavior Management of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in Dental Environments

Source: 
Journal of the American Dental Association, Hernandez et al.
Date Published: 
March 2011
Year Published: 
2011

Many parents of a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can attest that dental visits are challenging for their child. Current behavior management techniques currently used in dentistry do not encourage children with ASDs to tolerate periodic dental procedures such as cleanings and obtaining radiographs. In this study, researchers studied the behavior management techniques and how they could be improved. They concluded that Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA)—a procedure clinicians use to modify socially significant behaviors of children with ASDs—could be integrated in the dental office to modify the problematic behaviors. Currently, there is no evidence-based procedural modifications that address the behavioral characteristics and problematic behaviors of children with ASDs in a dental environment, so further research needs to be conducted.

Serotonin Plays Role in Many Autism Cases, Studies Confirm

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
February 24, 2011
Abstract: 

Georgianna Gould, Ph.D., research assistant professor of physiology in the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, is eyeing the role that serotonin plays in autism spectrum disorders. Serotonin is known for giving a sense of well-being and happiness. It is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that acts like a radio tower in the brain conveying signals among cells called neurons. Thirty percent of autism cases may have a serotonin component. In a recent paper in the Journal of Neurochemistry, Dr. Gould and colleagues showed that a medication called buspirone improved the social behaviors of mice. Buspirone is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in adults as an anti-anxiety and antidepressant adjuvant medication.

Virtual Desktop Program Helps Connect The Autism Spectrum

Source: 
Medical News Today
Date Published: 
February 13, 2011
Abstract: 

Touchstone Behavioral Health, a Phoenix-based treatment center that specializes in working with children has developed a virtual program that gives patients remote access to specialized autism treatment tools and allows therapists and patients to continue developing real-world life skills outside of traditional clinical environments.

Relatively Few Young Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders Receive Assistance After High School

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
February 7, 2011
Abstract: 

Use of medical, mental health and case management services for young adults with an autism spectrum disorder appears to decline after high school, according to a report.

Post-High School Service Use Among Young Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

Source: 
Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine, Shattuck et al.
Date Published: 
February 2011
Year Published: 
2011

Researchers conducted a telephone survey to determine the rates of service use among young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) during their first few years after high school. Rates of service ranged from 9.1% for speech therapy to 41.9% for case management. 39.1% of youths with an ASD represented by the survey received no services. The adjusted odds of no service were higher among African American participants and those with low incomes. The adjusted odds of case management were lower among youths with high functional skills and those with low incomes. The researchers concluded that rates of service disengagement are high after exiting high school. Furthermore, due to the disparities by race and socioeconomic status indicate a need for targeted outreach and services.

Study Shows Promise For New Drug To Treat Fragile X

Source: 
Science Daily
Date Published: 
January 8, 2011
Abstract: 

The first drug to treat the underlying disorder instead of the symptoms of Fragile X, the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability, shows some promise.