Mild Traits of Autism May Shift with Cultures

Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative
Date Published: 
November 4, 2013

Clinicians around the world diagnose children with autism, but is autism the same disorder around the world? A team of researchers has begun testing this question by comparing children in two European countries. The American definition of autism travels well across international borders in the case of British and Finnish children, they reported in the journal Autism. However, when the researchers compared mild traits of autism — collectively referred to as broad autism phenotype, or BAP — those of children from Finland do not line up well with descriptions in the DSM-5. This may be because of differences in language, culture and genetics between Finland and the U.K.